AT THE POINT
IN THE DEGREE SQUARE
Climate: The closest representative weather station is at the Charters Towers Airport, which is approximately 28 km to the east-south-east of the degree confluence, and has an elevation of 290 m.
The highest temperature recorded was 44.9°C in January 1994, and the lowest was 2.0°C in June 2000. The greatest rainfall recorded in a year was 1 286.8 mm in 2000, and the least was 262.4 mm in 1993. These and other climate statistics for Charters Towers can be found at: Australian Bureau of Meteorology, http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_034084_All.shtml.
Extremes of Nature: Given the confluence's tropical location, its surrounding area has been subject to numerous cyclones since 1906; seven tropical cyclones have passed within 50 km of the degree confluence during this time, and a further 36 have passed within 200 km. Cyclone information for this area and all of Australia can be found at the Australian Bureau of Meteorology website, http://www.bom.gov.au/cgi-bin/silo/cyclones.cgi.
Cyclone tracks within 200 km of point 1906 to 2006 (Bureau of Meteorology web site)
The area can also experience extreme heat throughout some of the year, with Charters Towers having an average of 52 days annually that have maximum temperatures equal to or over 35°C.
Today: The total population of the degree square at the 2011 national Census was 9872.
Charters Towers population in 2001 was 8431, by the 2006 census this had declined to 7968 and by 2011 the population of the city had declined further to 7806. This decline is largely due to the decline in the gold industry with mine closures such as the Mt Leshon mine. The city continues to be a significant service centre for the surrounding area and a major education centre serving a very wide catchment, including Papua New Guinea. Tourism is also a major industry with the city’s many historic buildings and mining history a significant attraction.
Climate information: Jo Grant
Information: Ken Granger
Edited by: Hayley Freemantle