20°S 146°E Charters Towers – Queensland by Degrees

AT THE POINT

Degree confluence 20°S 146°E, Google Earth

site

IN THE DEGREE SQUARE

loc

Climate: The closest representative weather station is at the Charters Towers Airport, which is approximately 28 km to the east-south-east of the degree confluence, and has an elevation of 290 m.

 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Mean max
(ºC)

33.6

32.7

32.2

30.3

27.6

25.0

24.8

26.4

30.1

32.9

33.9

34.4

30.3

Mean min
(ºC)

22.4

22.4

20.8

18.3

15.4

13.0

11.4

12.4

15.2

18.4

20.6

22.0

17.3

Mean rain
(mm)

165.4

149.4

53.0

28.3

21.5

23.5

16.9

17.1

10.2

17.2

72.9

75.4

663.1

The highest temperature recorded was 44.9°C in January 1994, and the lowest was 2.0°C in June 2000. The greatest rainfall recorded in a year was 1 286.8 mm in 2000, and the least was 262.4 mm in 1993. These and other climate statistics for Charters Towers can be found at: Australian Bureau of Meteorology, http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_034084_All.shtml.

Extremes of Nature: Given the confluence's tropical location, its surrounding area has been subject to numerous cyclones since 1906; seven tropical cyclones have passed within 50 km of the degree confluence during this time, and a further 36 have passed within 200 km. Cyclone information for this area and all of Australia can be found at the Australian Bureau of Meteorology website, http://www.bom.gov.au/cgi-bin/silo/cyclones.cgi.

cyc

Cyclone tracks within 200 km of point 1906 to 2006 (Bureau of Meteorology web site)

The area can also experience extreme heat throughout some of the year, with Charters Towers having an average of 52 days annually that have maximum temperatures equal to or over 35°C.

Today: The total population of the degree square at the 2011 national Census was 9872.

MEASURE

1996

2001

2006

2011

Total population

10,304

10, 173

9623

9872

Total males

5207

5039

4743

4877

Total females

5097

5134

4880

4995

Under 5 years

794

701

622

705

65 years and over

1413

1324

1327

1530

Indigenous

589

777

873

883

Charters Towers population in 2001 was 8431, by the 2006 census this had declined to 7968 and by 2011 the population of the city had declined further to 7806. This decline is largely due to the decline in the gold industry with mine closures such as the Mt Leshon mine. The city continues to be a significant service centre for the surrounding area and a major education centre serving a very wide catchment, including Papua New Guinea. Tourism is also a major industry with the city’s many historic buildings and mining history a significant attraction.

Climate information:  Jo Grant

Information: Ken Granger

Edited by:  Hayley Freemantle