AT THE POINT
IN THE DEGREE SQUARE
Climate: The closest representative weather station is at the the Toorak Research Station, which is 21 km to the west of the degree confluence, and has an elevation of 144 m.
The highest temperature recorded was 46.5°C in December 2006, and the lowest was -1.0°C in July 1983. The highest rainfall in a year was 1048.7 mm in 1974, and the lowest was 194.9 mm in 1967. These and other climate statistics for Toorak can be found at: Australian Bureau of Meteorology, http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_029090_All.shtml.
Extremes of Nature: Since 1906 there only one tropical cyclones has passed within 50 km of the degree confluence (Winifred in 1986), although a further 12 have passed within 200 km, despite the area's relatively inland location. Cyclone information for this area and all of Australia can be found at the Australian Bureau of Meteorology website, http://www.bom.gov.au/cgi-bin/silo/cyclones.cgi.
Cyclone tracks within 200 km of point 1906 to 2006 (Bureau of Meteorology web site)
The area experience can experience extreme heat for much of the year, with an average of 131 days annually that have maximum temperatures equal to or over 35°C.
The total population of the degree square at the 2011 national Census was 768, half of them living in Julia Creek.
The apparent significant decline in population since the 2006 census seems to be linked to changes in census collection boundaries though the impact of drought on the cattle industry may have also made a significant impact.
Information by: Ken Granger
Climate information: Jo Grant
Edited by: Hayley Freemantle