21°S 142°E Kynuna – Queensland by Degrees

AT THE POINT

Degree confluence 21°S 142°E, Google Earth

sit

IN THE DEGREE SQUARE

loc

Climate: The closest representative weather station is at the the Toorak Research Station, which is 21 km to the west of the degree confluence, and has an elevation of 144 m.

 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Mean max
(ºC)

37.0

35.9

35.5

33.1

29.3

26.2

26.1

28.6

32.5

36.1

38.1

38.8

33.1

Mean min
(ºC)

23.0

22.8

20.6

16.9

12.8

9.2

8.3

9.8

13.8

17.8

20.4

22.2

16.5

Mean rain
(mm)

123.8

97.7

59.8

18.0

15.5

10.2

8.1

3.9

5.0

13.9

28.1

60.6

439.4

The highest temperature recorded was 46.5°C in December 2006, and the lowest was -1.0°C in July 1983. The highest rainfall in a year was 1048.7 mm in 1974, and the lowest was 194.9 mm in 1967. These and other climate statistics for Toorak can be found at: Australian Bureau of Meteorology, http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_029090_All.shtml.

Extremes of Nature: Since 1906 there only one tropical cyclones has passed within 50 km of the degree confluence (Winifred in 1986), although a further 12 have passed within 200 km, despite the area's relatively inland location. Cyclone information for this area and all of Australia can be found at the Australian Bureau of Meteorology website, http://www.bom.gov.au/cgi-bin/silo/cyclones.cgi.

cyc

Cyclone tracks within 200 km of point 1906 to 2006 (Bureau of Meteorology web site)

The area experience can experience extreme heat for much of the year, with an average of 131 days annually that have maximum temperatures equal to or over 35°C.

Today: 

The total population of the degree square at the 2011 national Census was 768, half of them living in Julia Creek.

MEASURE

1996

2001

2006

2011

Total population

2789

3143

2347

768

Total males

1678

1862

1260

484

Total females

1111

1281

1057

284

Under 5 years

121

255

222

44

65 years and over

225

249

150

77

Indigenous

505

532

424

40

The apparent significant decline in population since the 2006 census seems to be linked to changes in census collection boundaries though the impact of drought on the cattle industry may have also made a significant impact.

Information by: Ken Granger

Climate information: Jo Grant

Edited by: Hayley Freemantle