Point information and images: Bruce Urquhart
WITH IN THE DEGREE SQUARE
Climate: The closest representative weather station is at Clermont, which is approximately 42 km north-west of the degree confluence, and has an elevation of 260 m. The station has been collecting data since 1870.
The highest temperature recorded was 45.0°C in January 1994, and the lowest was 1.6°C in July 2004. The greatest rainfall recorded in a year was 1 295.4 mm in 1882, and the least was 121.9 mm just three years later in 18852. These and other climate statistics for Clermont can be found at: Australian Bureau of Meteorology, http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_035019_All.shtml.
Cyclone tracks within 200 km of point 1906 to 2006 (Bureau of Meteorology web site)
Extreme heat can also be a potential danger. Records show that Clermont experiences 59 days annually with temperatures over 35°C. Such extreme temperatures can cause heat stroke and death if appropriate measures are not taken such as avoiding strenuous physical effort, keeping as cool as possible and drinking lots of water. Heat waves kill more people in Australia than all other natural hazards combined. In addition, with very little rainfall and only 21 days a year on average with any rain, the area is also among the driest in Australia.
The total population of the degree square at the 2011 national Census was 10,497.
The main towns in the square are Clermont (population 2178 in 2011), Dysart (3009) and Tieri (1486). The gem field villages have a combined population of 1181.
References to come
Information: Ken Granger
Edited by: Hayley Freemantle