23°S 148°E Capella – Queensland by Degrees

THE POINT

goog

Degree confluence 23°S 148°E, Google Earth

sit

n

Looking north

e

Looking east

s

Looking south

w

Looking west

Point information and images: Bruce Urquhart

wattle

Black Wattle

gallah

Gallah

hawk

Hawk

looking at point

Looking at the point

WITH IN THE DEGREE SQUARE

 

road

Morrisey Road at point

peak range 1

Peak Range at a distance

peak range 2

Peak Range

peaks 3

Scotts and Ropers Peaks up close

 

LOC

Climate: The closest representative weather station is at Clermont, which is approximately 42 km north-west of the degree confluence, and has an elevation of 260 m. The station has been collecting data since 1870.

 

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUN

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

YEAR

Mean max (0C)

34.3

33.1

32.0

29.5

26.1

23.1

23.1

25.3

28.8

32.0

34.0

34.9

29.7

Mean min (0C)

21.3

21.1

19.4

15.7

11.5

8.1

6.7

8.2

12.1

16.3

19.0

20.8

15.0

Mean rain (mm)

117.4

114.9

73.9

38.8

35.0

34.3

24.9

19.0

19.3

35.5

57.2

92.1

660.9

The highest temperature recorded was 45.0°C in January 1994, and the lowest was 1.6°C in July 2004. The greatest rainfall recorded in a year was 1 295.4 mm in 1882, and the least was 121.9 mm just three years later in 18852. These and other climate statistics for Clermont can be found at: Australian Bureau of Meteorology, http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_035019_All.shtml.


Extremes of Nature: Given the area's tropical location, it is subject to the impact of cyclones. The database maintained by the Bureau of Meteorology shows that 27 cyclones have tracked within 200 km of the confluence since 1906, although only one of these passed within 50 km (TC Una in Dec 1973). These cyclones bring with them potentially destructive winds and intense rainfall. Cyclone information for this area and all of Australia can be found at the Australian Bureau of Meteorology website, http://www.bom.gov.au/cgi-bin/silo/cyclones.cgi.

 

Cyclone tracks within 200 km of point 1906 to 2006 (Bureau of Meteorology web site)

Extreme heat can also be a potential danger. Records show that Clermont experiences 59 days annually with temperatures over 35°C. Such extreme temperatures can cause heat stroke and death if appropriate measures are not taken such as avoiding strenuous physical effort, keeping as cool as possible and drinking lots of water. Heat waves kill more people in Australia than all other natural hazards combined. In addition, with very little rainfall and only 21 days a year on average with any rain, the area is also among the driest in Australia.

Today: 

The total population of the degree square at the 2011 national Census was 10,497.

MEASURE

1996

2001

2006

2011

Total population

10,918

9984

9835

10,497

Total males

5960

5658

5394

5722

Total females

4958

4326

4441

4775

Under 5 years

939

767

862

982

65 years and over

647

837

650

789

Indigenous

159

222

257

293

The main towns in the square are Clermont (population 2178 in 2011), Dysart (3009) and Tieri (1486). The gem field villages have a combined population of 1181.

 

References to come

Information: Ken Granger

Edited by: Hayley Freemantle