AT THE POINT
Degree confluence 24°S 148°E, Google Earth
Point information and photos: Bruce Urquhart 2011
WITHIN THE DEGREE
Captions are forthcoming. This is a picture essay of the landscape and vegetation found in this square.
Climate: The closest representative weather station is at Springsure, which is located approximately 15 km south-east of the confluence, and has an elevation of 345 m. The station has been collecting data since 1865.
Mean max (0C)
Mean min (0C)
Mean rain (mm)
The highest temperature recorded was 44.5°C in January 1994, and the lowest was -4.4°C in July 1965. The greatest rainfall recorded in a year was 1 589.0 mm in 1956, and the least was only 303.1 mm in 1969. These and other climate statistics for Springsure can be found at on the Australian Bureau of Meteorology website, http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_035065_All.shtml.
Extremes of Nature: The area is subject to the impact of cyclones. The database maintained by the Bureau of Meteorology shows that 19 cyclones have tracked within 200 km of the confluence since 1906, although only 2 of these passed within 50 km (an unnamed TC in January 1913, and TC Una in December 1973). These cyclones bring with them potentially destructive winds and intense rainfall. Cyclone information for this area and all of Australia can be found at the Australian Bureau of Meteorology website, http://www.bom.gov.au/cgi-bin/silo/cyclones.cgi.
Cyclone tracks within 200 km of the confluence, 1906 to 2006 (Bureau of Meteorology web site)
Extreme heat is also a potential danger. Records show that Springsure experiences 36 days annually with temperatures over 35°C, although very rarely do temperatures reach 40°C or warmer. Such extreme temperatures can cause heat stroke and death if appropriate measures are not taken such as avoiding strenuous physical effort, keeping as cool as possible and drinking lots of water.
Settlement and European History
Captions will be included later
The total population of the degree square at the 2011 national Census was 15,787.
Under 5 years
65 years and over
The town of Emerald had a population of 13,211, Springsure had 837 and the village of Willows had 108. The high proportion of children under five compared with the elderly population indicates that Emerald (at least) is a young and growing community.
Information: Ken Granger
Edited by: Hayley Freemantle