AT THE POINT
This point has been visited and additional information is forthcoming.
Point information: Donna Vink
IN THE DEGREE SQUARE
Climate: The closest representative weather station is at Injune, which is approximately 45 km north-west of the degree confluence, and has an elevation of 393 m. The station has been collecting data since 1925.
The highest temperature recorded was 43.8°C in January 1980, and the lowest was -8.0°C in July 1982. The greatest rainfall recorded in a year was 1 307.7 mm in 1956, and the least was 319.3 mm in 1957. These and other climate statistics for Injune can be found at: Australian Bureau of Meteorology, http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_043015_All.shtml.
Extremes of Nature: The area is subject to the impact of cyclones. The database maintained by the Bureau of Meteorology shows that 13 cyclones have tracked within 200 km of the confluence since 1906, and two of these passed within 50 km (TC Althea in December 1971, and TC Cliff in February 1981). These cyclones bring with them potentially destructive winds and intense rainfall. Cyclone information for this area and all of Australia can be found at the Australian Bureau of Meteorology website, http://www.bom.gov.au/cgi-bin/silo/cyclones.cgi.
Cyclone tracks within 200 km of the confluence, 1906 to 2006 (Bureau of Meteorology web site)
Extreme heat is also a potential danger. Records show that Injune experiences 32 days annually with temperatures over 35°C, although very rarely does it reach 40°C or warmer. Such extreme temperatures can cause heat stroke and death if appropriate measures are not taken such as avoiding strenuous physical effort, keeping as cool as possible and drinking lots of water. Heat waves kill more people in Australia than all other natural hazards combined. In contrast, the area is also subject to the cold, in that in an average year there are 36 days with minumums cooler than 2°C, over half of which are below zero.
Today: The total population of the degree square at the 2011 national census was 1522. Of this total, 398 people lived in Injune at the time of the census.
Point information: Donna Vink with additional information by Ken Granger and Hayley Freemantle.
Edited by: Hayley Freemantle