28°S 146°E Cunnamulla – Queensland by Degrees

AT THE POINT

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Observations carried out 890m from degree confluence (ran out of time and energy to reach exact point)

Site is in western Qld, in  the Warrego River Catchment.

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Point information & photos: Col Grant Sept 2008, Author's email:  cgrant@vnc.qld.edu.au

IN THE DEGREE SQUARE

 

The river begins in the Great Dividing Range for to the north-east and joins the Darling in the south (near Bourke, NSW)

The river periodically floods. On 25th April 1990, the river peaked at 10:15m. A plaque in the town reads:

To the council and voluntary workers and the entire community for the tireless effort in the reconstruction of the existing levy bank which saved the town from flooding.  

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Warrego River, Cunnamulla

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The Cunnamulla Fella

Statue near the town centre, unveiled in 2005. The Fella was immortalized in song by Slim Dusty. Behind is the Paroo Shire Hall; the shire is based in Cunnamulla.

The town is the major provider of services for a considerable area. The area supports a large sheep population, and thus is an important producer of wool, as well as beef and Angora goats

Climate: The closest representative weather station is at the Cunnamulla Post Office, which is 32 km west of the confluence, and has an elevation of 189m.

 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Mean max
(ºC)

36.0

34.8

32.4

27.9

22.9

19.3

18.7

21.3

25.6

29.6

32.7

35.2

28.0

Mean min
(ºC)

22.2

21.7

18.8

14.1

9.8

6.8

5.7

7.1

10.6

14.8

18.0

20.7

14.2

Mean rain
(mm)

46.6

50.6

39.6

27.6

30.4

26.1

22.7

17.4

18.2

25.2

30.2

38.9

373.8

The highest temperature recorded was 46.9°C in January 1973, and the lowest was -2.2°C in June 1971 and July 1968. The greatest rainfall recorded in a year was 924.5 mm in 1956, and the lowest was 123.3 mm in 2002. These and other climate statistics for Cunnamulla can be found at: Australian Bureau of Meteorology, http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_044026_All.shtml

Extremes of Nature: Since 1906 there have been no cyclones to pass within 50 km of the degree confluence, but 4 have passed within 200 km (1911, two in 1956, 1964). Cyclone information for this area and all of Australia can be found at the Australian Bureau of Meteorology website at, http://www.bom.gov.au/cgi-bin/silo/cyclones.cgi.

Cyclone tracks within 200 km of the confluence, 1906 to 2006 (Bureau of Meteorology web site)

The area can experience extreme heat throughout the year, with Cunnamulla having an average of 161 days annually with maximum temperatures equal to or over 30°C, 78 days of which reach 35°C or over. With a reasonably low annual rainfall, and only 43 days on average a year with rain, dry conditions also prevail for much of the year.

Today : The population of the degree square at the 2011 national census was 1643. Of this total 1199 live in Cunamulla.

MEASURE

1996

2001

2006

2011

Total population

1751

1595

1387

1643

Total males

938

834

696

829

Total females

813

761

691

814

Under 5 years

152

144

109

158

65 years and over

202

178

161

226

Indigenous

493

543

508

553

Edited by :  Hayley Freemantle