AT THE POINT
Observations carried out 3.59kms from the confluence. The degree confluence is located on the Western (left) side of a forested hill seen in the Northern view. The site is located along a gravel road in sheep grazing country in NSW, about 21kms from the Qld-NSW border.
Point information and photos: Col Grant. Author's email: email@example.com
IN THE DEGREE SQUARE
Climate: The closest weather station is at the Texas Post Office (041100), which is 23km north-east from the confluence, and has an elevation of 297m ASL.
The highest temperature recorded was 44.6°C in January 1980, and the lowest was -7.6°C in June 1971. The most rainfall recorded in a year was 1 087.4 mm in 1892, and the least was 308.7 mm in 1902. These and other climate statistics for Texas can be found at: Australian Bureau of Meteorology, http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_041100_All.shtml
Extremes of Nature: Since 1906 there has been one cyclone to pass within 50 km of the degree confluence (Unnamed in 1947), and a further 9 have passed within 200 km. Cyclone information for this area and all of Australia can be found at the Australian Bureau of Meteorology website, http://www.bom.gov.au/cgi-bin/silo/cyclones.cgi
Cyclone tracks within 200 km of the confluence, 1906 to 2006 (Bureau of Meteorology web site)
The area can experience some throughout much of the year, with Texas having an average of 106 days annually with maximum temperatures equal to or over 30°C, 29 days of which reach 35°C or over. The hottest months are December to February, all of which experience on average only 5 days or more with temperatures equal to or over 35°C. Texas can also experience chilly conditions on occasion, having an average of 31 days a year with minimum temperatures equal to or less than 2°C.
The population of the degree square at the 2011 national Census was 1376. Of this total, 645 lived in Texas and 213 in Yelarbon.
The picture indicates the border Qld on the right and NSW on the left. The Dumaresq River forms the border between Qld and NSW along the large border loop east of Texas. The Dumaresq flows north westwards, meeting the Macintyre River near Goondiwindi.
On both sides of the river productive agricultural land occurs along the wide floodplain.
Texas is a provider of rural, retail and government services for adjacent areas of Qld and NSW. The district produces crops, cattle and sheep, and there are state forests in the more hilly areas. The area used to be known as a major producer of tobacco.
More to come.
Edited by: Hayley Freemantle